Ideology and Radicalization
The use of the term radical has various contexts within language. Radical may mean to relate to something in its origin, such as its usage in reference to plants and in biology. The word is also used in reference to language. A fundamental component of a linguistic root may be an example of this. And, there are also radical roots in mathematics. In modern—day use, the term is used in in reference to ideology and sociology to mean a considerable departure from the fundamental components representative of a concept. Here, the term means leaving the usual or traditional for the extreme. This departure from the traditional, which is representative of radical, is the advocacy of extreme views, measures, and change.
Radical ideology emerges from risky thinking. The process of radicalization happens by way of risky thinking. This type of thinking births within violent musings and extremist interactions which relate to politics, religion, and social—cultural ideology. Violence and terrorism are often the consequence and result of a radical and extreme ideology. Research shows that the most concerning factors in being part of the process of radicalization and violent extremism are political discontent, alienation, and humiliation. The method to solve the problem of radical ideology and address the root causes is through education and reform. This begins by knowing the various forms of social injustice. The aim of deradicalization is also reform and reproach of religious, historical, and other forms of ideological ignorance. Ethical counsellors, educators, and other social—cultural leaders are needed to guide individuals from going astray.
***This information has been adapted from various sources which include the Merriam-Webster’s dictionary, Encyclopedia Britannica, and my own analysis and commentary of the information.
Schrnid,Alex P., International Center for Counter Terrorism, In research compiled for the EU and UN, he mentions that among many things, political discontent, alienation, and humiliation are part of the process of radicalization and violent extremism. He states that individuals may also be motivated to terrorize by a desire for revenge against acts of repression.
“Ibid, The research mentions de-radicalization methods as being dialogue, counseling, and reintegration.